Local People

Manu is home to local people including: native communities, colonists from the highlands, and native groups living a traditional life in isolation.


The main group living in the Manu National Park are the Matsiguenka (also sometimes written as Machiguenga), who live in four established communities with a population of approximately 700 people in the middle of Manu. Near these communities other Matsiguenka families are forming small settlements and living a traditional lifestyle in remoter areas. Other Matsiguenkas live in the Andean foothills of the Pinipini and Mameria rivers.

Several Matsiguenka communities can be found in the buffer zone of the park at Santa Rosa de Huacaria, Palotoa and Shipetiari. The Matsiguenka live primarily by farming manioc, hunting and fishing.

Otros grupos nativos

Other groups living in the Amazonian lowlands include the Yine who live in the community of Diamante in the buffer zone and the Harakmbut who live primarily in or near the village of Shintuya on the Alto Madre de Dios River.

Additionally, Nahua and Yora visit remoter areas of the park in the headwaters of the Manu River to harvest turtle eggs and fish. The Andean highlands in the Mapacho river valley are home to Quechua speaking communities that cultivate potatoes, maize, fruits, and coffee. These communities border the park with the exception of Callanga that is found at the site of an old Hacienda within the park.

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